Virtus Genetics
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Chorionic Villus Sample (CVS) 
Amniocentesis

Chorionic Villus Sample (CVS) Amniocentesis 

Chromosome abnormalities can be screened for by NIPT (non-invasive testing). Only an invasive test can confirm the high risk result from a screening NIPT test.

Invasive testing includes chorionic villus sampling or amniocentesis.

The type of invasive test performed will depend on the findings at NIPT and/or ultrasound findings from a morphology scan.

There are 3 methods of testing depending on the clinical indication:

  1. Conventional banded karyotype – for sex chromosomes disorders, common aneuploides, unbalanced chromosome rearrangements, balanced chromosome rearrangements or suspected mosaicism.
  2. Microarray – this detects gain or loss of genetic material that is smaller than that which can be detected by a banded karyotype and covers all chromosomes. It cannot detect balanced rearrangements. It is indicated if there are structural abnormalities detected by ultrasound.
  3. FISH (fluorescence in situ hybridization) is used for microdeletion syndromes and is a rapid method of testing for common chromosome trisomies.
Electronic Results
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